Early state of Church Hill in 1842

Maker and role
Artist: Mabel Annesley (b.1881, d.1959)
After: John Barnicoat (b.1814, d.1905)
Production date
[Circa 1950]
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Object Detail

Mixed-media, pencil drawing with a pink watercolour wash on rectangular sheet of paper, with border margins at top and sides and a wider border along lower margin. The picture depicts the early state of church hill in 1842. In the foreground are sticks and grass. In the middle ground, half-way up the hill are sketchily drawn buildings and tents. At the top of the hill are two buildings. In the background are high bare hills known as the Grampians.

Corresponding to RefNo: AC833 ‘Birds eye view of the early days in Nelson, New Zealand 1842-48’ these buildings may be representations of “COURT HOUSE”; “CAWTHRON”; “COLEMAN Cabinet Maker”; “WOOTTEN”; “GAOL Built of logs”; “YATES gardner”; and “MILLS Head Gaoler”;

On the lower border margin is written "1842 Barnicoat. Early state of church Hill."
Object type
Media/materials description
Media and materials
Composition = 219 h x 278 w
Composition = Height x Width (mm) = 219 x 278mm
Maker biography
During the Second World War she emigrated to New Zealand but returned to England in 1953, settling in Suffolk. Source http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mabel_Annesley
John Wallis Barnicoat arrived in Nelson on board the Lord Auckland in April 1842, and surveyed the Waimea East area for the New Zealand Company later that year. He was one of the party who went to the Wairau in 1843 to carry out surveying for the New Zealand Company. Surviving the Wairau conflict, he continued with various surveying contracts between Nelson and Golden Bay. From 1845, Barnicoat began to develop his farm, Ashfield, in Waimea East. He married Rebecca Lee Hodgson in 1849.

Barnicoat was involved in local and national politics for many years representing Waimea East on the Nelson Provincial Council from 1853-1876, and was a member of the Legislative Council from 1883 to 1902. He also served the Nelson community on various boards and committees including the Nelson Trust Funds Board, Nelson College Board of Governors, Nelson Education Board, Richmond Cattle Fair Association. He was involved with the establishment of the Holy Trinity Anglican parish at Richmond, where he served as vicar’s warden for many years. He died in February 1905, aged 90 years.
Lash, Max. Nelson Notables. Nelson: Nelson Historical Society, 1992
Settlements Nelson City
AC number
Credit line
Mabel Annesley (1881-1959), after John Wallis Barnicoat (1814-1905). Early State of Church Hill in 1842, circa 1950. Pencil drawing on paper, with watercolour wash. Nelson Provincial Museum, Bett Loan Collection: AC449.

Collection type




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